According to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, red chilli prices are likely to rise above ₹ 200/kg in Tamil-February 2024.

According to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), farmer prices of Sannam red chillies are likely to be around ₹ 200-210/kg during the harvest season (January-February).  The  Price Forecasting Programme, funded by the TN-IAM project of the Center for Agriculture and Rural Development, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, therefore advised farmers to sow Sannam red chillies. However, the price may change depending on the northeast monsoon and the income of other producing countries. To arrive at the price forecast, the price forecasting team analyzed the last 15 years of data from the Tirunelveli regulated market for the Sannam variety.    

Chilli is a very important and most cultivated spice in India. According to the preliminary estimate (2022-23) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, the area under red chillies is 8.52 lakh hectares and the production is estimated at 19.58 thousand tonnes. Major chilli growing regions are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, West Bengal, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, which account for nearly 93%  of the total chilli production.  

Three  uses  

 Chillies are commonly used in three forms – fresh green chillies, red chilli powder and raw red chillies. Indian chillies are very popular for their bright colour and pungency and are mostly exported to several Asian countries such as China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Singapore, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates.  Chilli seedling begins in October in the largest chilli-growing areas. It is grown as a monoculture in Tamil Nadu. As a result, traders tend to stock up during harvest to meet year-round demand.  In 2022-23, Tamil Nadu produced 0.22 lakh tonnes of dry/red chilli from 0.49 million hectares. Mundu and Sannam are the main chillies in Tamil Nadu.

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