According to the UN department, India’s food security has improved over the last five years

India’s food insecurity has increased over the past five years, even as people in 58 countries needed urgent food assistance,  the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) said in its Global Food Crisis Report 2023 (GRFC). The report’s risk index  showed that India’s food security is significantly better  than  countries like China and the Russian Federation based on the 2020-2022 average. In contrast, food security was  highest in Iran. GRFC estimates that in 58 countries or regions experiencing a food crisis in 2022, more than a quarter of a billion people were acutely food insecure and in urgent need of food assistance. “This is the highest number in the seven-year history of the GRFC. 

36% of the population

    In 2022, 51.3 million people, or 36 percent of the population analyzed for the report, faced high levels of  food insecurity in five Asian countries. These include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.  People living in the Cox’s Market region of Bangladesh and Balochistan of Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Singh were food insecure, citing economic crisis, conflict, weather, malnutrition and displacement as reasons for the situation. “The war in Ukraine exacerbated the deepening economic crises in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka, Economic shocks were also a major cause of acute food insecurity in Myanmar and Pakistan,” GRFC 2023 said.

   Impact of conflicts
    Conflicts have been the main cause of acute food insecurity in Bangladesh and Myanmar, while  armed clashes and violence have continued in Afghanistan, where decades of conflict have destroyed livelihoods. On the weather front, GRFC said heat waves followed by unusual monsoon rains were the main cause of  food insecurity in Pakistan, while catastrophic drought conditions were the main factor in Afghanistan.  Malnutrition is said to be around 4.15 million children under the age of five in 2022, one million of whom  were severely wasted. Of the 10.2 million displaced people, 7.5 million were internally displaced and the rest were refugees and asylum seekers.  In Bangladesh, the GRFC reported that approximately 95 percent of the Rohingya refugee population and 70 percent of the Bangladeshi  community in Ukhiya and Teknaf upazilas, a total of 1.28 million people are vulnerable and in need of  assistance in Cox’s Bazar were estimated to be vulnerable and in need of food assistance in 2022.

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