CMFRI bats in shark roosts to protect endangered species.

In view of the decline in shark landings, the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) proposed demarcation of shark ranges in Indian waters to enforce spatial and temporal fishing regulations. It aims to protect endangered species, juveniles and breeding adults from targeted fishing. Finfish director Sobha Joe Kizhakudan presented the status of shark fishing in India at a shark conservation advisory meeting in Kochi. CMFRI’s fisheries department said sharks have not evolved to withstand overfishing. “They cannot reproduce fast enough to compensate for the increasing number of deaths every year because most sharks have long lifespans and low reproduction rates,” he said, adding that the presence of young fish in landings further threatens their sustainable population.

Note that elasmobranchs, a group that includes sharks, rays and guitarfish, declined by about 55 percent between 2012 and 2022. Kizhakuda emphasized the importance of continuous monitoring and evaluation and awareness among stakeholders. Highlighting CMFRI’s shark research, Director A Gopalakrishnan said the institute will focus on understanding the complex interactions between fishing and other factors affecting shark populations over the next five years. This knowledge is essential for developing effective conservation, sustainability and management strategies and securing the livelihoods of coastal communities.

CMFRI is a recognized CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) scientific agency. in India and is responsible for Non-Adverse Findings (NDF) surveys of CITES-listed marine species. The institute has so far granted six NDFs covering 11 resources, he said, adding that CMFRI annually assesses landings of 121 species of elasmobranchs in India’s EEZ. CMFRI’s expertise in elasmobranch research continues to receive global support. recognition Our scientists have served on IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) industry expert groups and CITE panels.

The Government of Oman has requested technical guidance from CMFRI for its shark and ray research programs, including the use of classical and genetic taxonomy detection tools, CMFRI Director said.

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