Drought affects more than 26 percent of India, according to the US Weather Service

According to the US weather agency’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Environmental Information Center, drought hit several parts of India in October, even as the month turned out to be the hottest month on record. “India’s drought situation has been confirmed in northern, eastern and coastal southwestern  India by the Indian Drought Monitor, covering about 26.3 percent of the country, which is more than last month”, NCEI said in its October Global Climate Report. Except for  Rajasthan and Punjab, almost all states are affected by drought, the monitor showed. The drought situation worsened in October, when 21.6 percent of the country was affected by drought until September. Post-monsoon rainfall in October was the sixth lowest since 1901. 

Whatever the weather

    As of Oct. 1, 61 percent of the 712 areas for which data was available had seen deficient, heavy or no monsoon rains, according to the India Meteorological Department. India has been experiencing indifferent weather conditions since June this year. The southwest monsoons fell late this year and in June, with less than normal rain, but too much rain in July. August was the driest month since 1901, while September saw normal rainfall before October was below normal.   NCEI said the current El Niño and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) sea surface temperatures (SST)  are associated with precipitation anomalies in East Africa (flooding), the Indo-Pacific, and  Central and South America (drought).

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