Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab farmers anticipate better wheat yield this year.

Farmers in Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan expect their wheat output to increase by at least 7-10% this year due to favorable weather conditions in January and recent rains that brought down temperatures. They will probably provide the necessary moisture for the next few days. However, any unusual rise in temperature this month and March, especially during the grain loading period, could hamper their calculations and even reduce yields compared to last year. last.

“The current rainy period is a much-awaited relief as it will save an irrigation cycle. The cold weather conditions helped the crops grow very well this time”, said R S Rana, a farmer in Haryana bordering Delhi, adding that the decision to go to Pusa 1718 and finish sowing in the last week of October was very helpful.

Snowfall raises hopes

Another farmer, Amrik Singh Dhillon of Ludhiana, Punjab, said he has re-sown the PBW 826 variety and hopes this time to get a higher yield than over 25 quintals per acre last year due to the weather so far has been very good. Furthermore, he expects that the current snowfall in the hills will not cause temperatures this month to rise above normal levels. “My only concern is the delay in sowing this year because I sowed wheat in the last week of October 2022 and around November 10, 2023,” he said, adding that he had no reports of pest attacks anywhere.

Ashok Singh of Hanumangarh and Sukhvider Pal Singh of Sri Ganganagar, both in Rajasthan, are also happy and are looking forward to a good wheat harvest. “In our area, some farmers sowed wheat even up to December 20 after plucking, although most sowing started after the first week of November. The head started appearing in early sowing crops, planted before November 7” said Pal Singh.

Highest sowing in UP

The Agriculture Ministry on Friday released the final sowing data of all Rabi crops for the 2023-24 season, showing that this year’s wheat acreage is over at 341.57 lakh hectares (lh), up from 339.20 lh in 2022-23. Uttar Pradesh, the largest wheat-producing state, recorded the highest sown area of ​​over 101.41 lh, an increase of over 4%, and this helped offset lower coverage in Rajasthan and Maharashtra. The area in Punjab and Haryana is almost the same as last year. The government has set a wheat production target of 114 million tons this year.

Even if daytime temperatures are 1 to 2 degrees Celsius higher than normal, crops don’t have to worry if nights are cooler, said Gyanendra Singh, director of the Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research ( IIWBR), headquartered in Karnal. last month.

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