Improve productivity to be self-sufficient with a pulse, the report says.

India will continue to import pulses unless its productivity improves, and any price increase will add to inflationary pressures, the report said. Political developments in the global market, such as the dispute with Canada and China’s intervention in Africa, can also cause a major pulse crisis in India, according to the non-profit organization Krishi Anusandhan and Kisan Vikas (KAKV) Foundation warned. India is the world’s largest producer, producing a quarter of world output, and the largest consumer, accounting for 27 percent of world consumption. India is also the largest importer, accounting for 14 percent of world imports. India produced 26.8 million tonnes (mt) of pulses in 2023 and by 2030 the shortfall is expected to be around 8 million tonnes. Legumes constitute 23 percent of the area, but their share in the total food grain production of the country is about 10 percent.

“Self-sufficiency cannot be achieved without a focus on productivity,” the report states. Research on pulse seeds could not meet even the benchmarks of African countries, he said, adding that unless we double the average productivity, self-sufficiency in pulses is not possible.

Although India is the largest producer of pigeon pea, productivity is low and much lower than some African countries. For chickpeas, Fusarium-resistant varieties had the highest yield, on average 1.4 tons per hectare, in China and Israel in 2013-2017 it was 4.5 tons per hectare. India should study these productivity factors and use their experiences, the report said, adding that the potential of new varieties should be viewed realistically.

GM legumes

The report calls for encouraging research in genetically modified (GM) legumes to reduce the risk of firefly attack and crop failure associated with diseases such as fusarium wilt and yellow mosaic virus. Domestically developed hybrid pigeon peas offer good opportunities for farmers to get better yield and yield, but the limitation is insufficient availability of seeds.

It recommended the initiation of better seed production programs to make seeds easier for farmers and noted that special attention should be given to developing better chickpea varieties that can withstand both biotic and abiotic stress.

The report noted that productivity studies should be compared, but concluded that risk management strategies combined with supplemental irrigation, quality seeds and better agronomy give farmers the confidence to expand their area. Because there is no dynamic change in pulse production as happened in cereals because pulse farmers face high input prices, lower profitability and even crop failure. Therefore, any impulsive intervention must be at the bottom. The risks of the government’s pulse diffusion policy. The solutions include higher minimum support prices, purchase guarantees, excess export incentives, targeted schemes in Bundelkhand, rice cultivation in Odisha and Chhattisgarh and promotion of summer season on 9 million hectares. In eastern ecologies, research on lentil cultivation should be prioritized and mainly focused on disease control.

The report concluded that aggressive promotion of pulses in rain-fed areas of central India could significantly mitigate the effects of climate change. Strengthening pulse-based cropping systems urgently requires adequate investment from the central and state governments to improve micro-irrigation infrastructure. Policy incentives should be more generous for sprinkler irrigation systems.

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