Indian pepper production is likely to increase in 2023-2024

Indian pepper production is likely to recover in 2023-2024. crop year as weather helps improve crop establishment in several top producing states of Karnataka and new producing areas  in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. The pepper community, which includes stakeholders such as farmers and business, expects this year’s crop to grow.  Kishor Shamji of the Indian Pepper and Spices Association (IPSTA) said that the pepper community of farmers, traders etc. estimated  production at 70,000 tonnes and some new areas are coming up in Guntur in Andhra Pradesh and Namakkal, Gudalur, Yercaud, Kodaikanal, Kolli Hills in Tamil Nadu where pepper planting was aggressive.  According to preliminary data from the Spices Board, 64,000 tons of paprika were produced in 2022-2023, compared to 70,000 tons last year. 

  25% growth in Karnataka

  In Karnataka, the largest producing state, the crop is looking good this year in some  of the key producing areas of Kodagu and Chikkamagaluru. “The crop looks better this year because the crop  has been better for us. We expect 25-30 percent more production,” said Shamveel, a major farmer in the higher hills near Madikeri in Kodagu state.  In July 2023, the auction prices of emerging tangled pepper came down slightly to around ₹ 605. Farm prices are 8-10 per cent lower, said Mahesh Shashidar, former president of the Karnataka Planters Association. Pepper production in Karnataka increased by 20 percent to 36,000 tonnes in 2022-2023 from 30,000 tonnes a year ago. Vishwanath KK, convener of  Pepper Growers Consortium, said that this year is looking normal in terms of pepper crop  and prices should remain stable.  

 Repair begins 

   The increase in  pepper imports is said to have led to lower demand in the highlands after the end of the festival season in the highland markets, which has affected prices, which are currently at ₹ 595/kg.  IPSTA’s Shamji said price correction has started and prices have fallen by ₹ 22/kg in the past month. Shamji attributed this  to imports mostly from Vietnam and Sri Lanka to most consumer markets, where imported chilli is priced at ₹575 (including GST) while domestic landed prices are around ₹625 including freight and GST. Climate change has also affected domestic production, he said. It is also reported that large quantities of Vietnam’s bolder berries imported from Mundra port are also available in the domestic market at ₹ 600/kg. While Vietnam’s October import data is not available, the country’s export data shows that  India is the third largest importer of pepper after the US and China, Shamji said, adding that imports from Sri Lanka have decreased because its stocks are limited due to the season end.

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