India’s import of pulses could reach 3 million tonnes under current taxation.

Import of pulses will recover to a six-year high in the current fiscal year as the lack of domestic production is a result of deficit rains in the growing regions. According to trade estimates, pulses imports are likely to be 3 million tonnes (mt) in the current financial year, up about 31 percent from last year’s 2.29 million tonnes. The deficit of domestic production due to weather conditions has caused price increases in recent months. In addition to opening the import of yellow peas until March 31, 2024, the government extended the duty-free import window of pulses such as lentils (Masur), tur (pigeon pea), and urad (black matpe) until March 2025. to increase supply and keep prices below control“Channa production was good last year while moong production did not encourage this kharif as it was affected by the dry season in Rajasthan. 

We continue to depend on imports of pulses such as tur, urad, and lentils. Ultimately, we will import nearly 3 million tonnes of pulses this financial year”, said Bimal Kothari, president of the Indian Pulses and Grains Association (IPGA). India has already imported over 1.96 million tonnes of pulses worth more than ₹ 14,057 ($1.69 billion) between April and October this financial year, according to DGCIS. Of this, lentil imports are said to exceed one million tonnes. India imported a record 6.5 million tonnes of pulses in 2017-18 when yellow peas were imported in large quantities. Imports declined in subsequent years after restrictions were imposed on varieties such as yellow peas, chickpeas, and poppies.

Sowing

Till December 29, the area under pulses in the rabi season fell to 142.49 lakh hectares (lh) from 153.22 lh a year ago. This was mainly due to a decline in the Chana cultivation area from 97.05 lh to 105.80 lh a year ago. However, the cultivated area of ​​lentils increased marginally, 18.68 lh (18.02 lh). The trade expects chana production to decline by 10-15 percent due to reduced area under cultivation, while lentil production is likely to increase with favorable weather in the key producing states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

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