It will take another 25 years for India to catch up with Brazilian farm mechanization.

A parliamentary committee has said that India needs another 25 years to reach the level of agricultural mechanization that Brazil, also a developing country, has already achieved. The panel asked the government to reach this level sooner, and the panel recognized that unless machinery suitable for small farms is introduced or significant consolidation of farms does not take place, it will be difficult for small and marginal farmers to purchase machinery. The report of the Standing Committee on Agriculture, Livestock and Food Processing in the Lok Sabha on February 7, “Survey and Development of Farm Mechanization by Small and Marginal Farmers in the Country”, stated that the overall level of mechanization of agriculture. in the country it is 47 percent, which is relatively less than other developing countries. such as China (59.5 percent) and Brazil (75 percent). “It is expected to take another 25 years to reach 75-80 percent mechanization from the current 47 percent,” the report said.

The government has already worked to make India a developed country by 2047 and the agriculture ministry must work to ensure that farm mechanization does not fall below the level of Brazil even after becoming a developed country, the panelist said. The committee emphasized that farmers need a complete package of mechanization for important crops and noted that mechanization in Indian agriculture saves 15-20 percent in seeds, 15-20 percent in fertilizers and 7-25 percent. Centimeter improvement in germination, 20-30% time saving, 20-40% sawing and 20-30% work. In addition, it has been noted that agricultural mechanization increases cropping intensity by 5-20 percent and yield by 13-23 percent.

Since 86 percent of the country’s 14 million farmers are small farmers who own less than two hectares of land and do not have enough money to buy capital-intensive machinery, the commission proposed to develop agricultural machinery and create additional incentives. given to such farmers. It was also noted that the government has taken various initiatives and is helping farmers by providing subsidies for purchase of machinery to improve farm production and availability of production capacity. However, it noted that “the committee is very hopeful that the government will have to work hard to achieve a 75 percent farm mechanization rate from the current 47 percent in a much shorter time than the Ministry announced, which is 25 years”.

Noting that the Ministry of Agriculture was silent on this recommendation, he said: “That is why the Committee reiterates to the Department that the desired level of agricultural mechanization must be reached in less time than claimed by the Department. The Committee would like to be informed about the action taken in this regard”. The report also mentioned that the Ministry of Agriculture has already noted various constraints in relation to farm mechanization, including the average farm size, which is decreasing in all states. and the increase of marginal, small and semi-central the country continued However, the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Welfare is actively increasing the level of mechanization by implementing the Sub-Operation on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) to overcome the existing agriculture.

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