Rabi seeding continues to gain momentum, but wheat-growing areas are moving

The pace of rabies seeding continued this week, although wheat and rice acres remained undercover at the same time a year ago.   According to the data released by the Ministry of Agriculture, the area under rabi cultivation increased to 120.50 thousand hectares (lh), compared to 115.83 thousand hectares a year ago. As the southwest monsoon receded and rainfall was lacking in more than 60 percent of the country in October,  wheat and rice sowing may have slowed, according to experts.

  Slack NE Monsoon

   In October, the amount of precipitation in the country was the sixth since 1901. The northeast monsoon, which started in the last week of October, has not yet strengthened and is likely to bring more rain next week.   As per the data, wheat has been sown on 18.05 lh of land compared with 20.65 lh a year ago. The acreage was higher in Punjab at 2.11 lh. It had not begun at this point in time a year ago. But the coverage lagged behind in Madhya Pradesh at 12.83 lh (13.89 lh a year ago), Uttar Pradesh at 2.02 lh (4.13 lh) and other States at 1.37 lh (2.62 lh). The area under paddy was down at 5.56 lh compared with 6.11 lh a year ago. The pause comes at a time when kharif rice production is estimated to have fallen by 3.8 percent and rice procurement by 9 percent less than a year ago to October 31. Most of the rabi rice comes from Tamil Nadu, where 5.18 lakhs were imported under food grain. The area of ​​Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka with below-normal stock levels is 10,000 hectares and 1,000 hectares respectively.   

Legumes pile up   

The area under pulses seems to be increasing due to good crop prices as lower kharif output is currently being produced. So far 38.15 lh have been covered, a year ago it was 37.65 lh. Although pulses are less sown, most of the pulses are harvested in grams (chana) with 26.32 lh (27.86 lh) sown. Lentils (5.56 lh vs. 4.17 lh) and field peas (3.50 lh vs. 2.52 lh) have a larger growing area. Urad (black matte) coverage decreased by 0.56 lh (0.95) and also per month.   The pulses are concerned that Maharashtra is in a dry phase and with reservoir levels below normal,  crops may suffer if the state does not receive adequate rainfall.   Among the states, Madhya Pradesh (13.29 lh) has better coverage of pulses, followed by Rajasthan (8.99 lh) and Karnataka (6.12 lh). 

   The area under Jowar and Maize is currently promising with the area growing at 8.93 lh (4.90 lh) and 1.80 lh (1.69 lh). Bajra coverage is unchanged at 2,000 hectares. The overall coverage of Shri Anna and coarse grains is 11.21 Lh compared to 7.78 Lh a year ago.   Maharashtra leads the way in sowing these crops with 5.60 lh, followed by Karnataka (3.15 lh) and Tamil Nadu (1.81 lh). Sowing of oilseeds, whose production declined by 17 percent during kharif, increased to 47.53 lh compared to 43.64 lh a year ago. Mustard/rape coverage is 45.74 lh (43.64 lh). However, the groundnut and safflower cultivation area remained.   Rajasthan, where mustard is grown on a large scale, brought the crop down to 22.74 lh, while Uttar Pradesh  12.98 lh and Madhya Pradesh 9 lh. The Indian Meteorological Department has predicted that November will be warmer and  El Nino will continue to affect the country. El Nino, caused by the warming of the surface of the Pacific Ocean, is likely to last until June 2024, and the event will be severe until March 2024.

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