Sericulture is the art of cultivating silkworms and extracting their silk threads. It is a centuries-old practice that involves mulberry tree cultivation, silkworm rearing, and silk production. Sericulture, as an agro-based cottage industry, plays a pivotal role in creating employment opportunities and generating income, particularly in rural and semi-urban regions. 

Recognizing its significance, the government has introduced the Silk Samagra 2 scheme, led by the Ministry of Textiles and the Central Silk Board, to further support and promote this valuable industry. 

 The Silk Samagra-2 scheme in India offers an inclusive support package to sericulture farmers, aiming to improve their livelihoods and foster the advancement of the silk industry. Its primary objective is to enhance the well-being of silk farmers and facilitate the growth and progress of the sector within the country. 

Key Features of Silk Samagra-2

  • The government has allocated a total fund of Rs. 4679.86 crore for the Silk Samagra 2 scheme, covering the tenure period from 2021-22 to 2025-26. 
  • The scheme focuses on setting up individual silk industry units. 
  • Major components include: Research & Development, Training, Transfer of Technology (TOT) and Information Technology (I.T) Initiatives, Seed Organizations, Coordination and Market Development and Export Brand Promotion and Technology Upgradation   

Benefits of Silk Samagra-2

  • The Silk Samagra-2 scheme offers training to farmers and silk producers, equipping them with modern sericulture techniques that enhance productivity and elevate the quality of silk.  
  • Farmers and silk producers receive financial aid through the scheme to establish sericulture units and cover expenses such as equipment procurement in the field of sericulture. 
  • The scheme assists farmers in establishing market linkages, enabling them to secure better prices for their silk.  
  • Additionally, it provides certification for silk products, promoting silk exports and enhancing its value in the global market. 

Therefore, the Silk Samagra scheme plays a crucial role in promoting the production, development, and overall growth of the silk industry in India. It places a strong emphasis on enhancing the livelihoods of silk farmers and weavers, ensuring their well-being and empowerment within the sector. 

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