The Indian government is worried as sales of urea, DAP and complex fertilizers rose 57 percent from the target set in August.

The sale of basic fertilizers – urea, DAP and complex fertilizers – rose to an unprecedented 57 percent of the target in August, when the deficit of monsoon fertilizers was 36 percent across the country. Since sales growth is directly related to subsidies, the government  decided to implement a two-pronged strategy – reduce usage and limit the shift to non-agricultural use. In the past, the use of agricultural grade urea targeted industries that produce resin/glue, plywood, tableware, molding powder, animal feed, and industrial mining explosives. After getting the subsidy, the kab-lined sari, introduced as an agricultural option, costs farmers ₹ 266/45 kg a bag. 

 Actual sales of urea, diammonium phosphate (DAP) and complex (combination of major nutrients N, P, K, S) estimated at 51.62 lakh tonnes (lt) in August were 80.93 lt, according to official data. The maximum DAP is 14.28 liters against an estimated demand of 7.47 liters, which is 91% more, followed by 64% in the complex with a demand of 17.35 liters against a demand of 10.58 liters. Urea sales rose 57 percent to 49.3 liters compared to forecast demand of 33.6 liters. Only  potash sales (MoP) fell last month – 27 percent to 1.83 liters against a demand of 2.49 liters. 

 Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar had earlier raised the issue of increasing sale of chemical fertilizers despite various government plans to reduce use. According to officials, the  estimated monthly demand was arrived at by evaluating past sales data and inputs received from states. 

 Union Chemicals and Fertilizers Minister Mansukh Mandaviya on Tuesday urged farmers to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides by 20 percent in the coming rabies season and promised strict action against those who divert subsidized urea for non-agricultural purposes. Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers Mansukh Mandaviya addressed almost more than 1000 farmers at 500 PMKSK (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samridhi Kendra) here. 

 “We need to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. Alternatives such as nano liquid urea, nano liquid DAP, biofertilizers and PROM (Phosphate Rich Organic Fertilizer) are now available. I appeal to farmers to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers by 20% in the coming Rabi crop season. It should be replaced by alternative crop nutrients. The minister also asked PMKSK employees of the renamed fertilizer company stores, which have been mandated by the government to sell all agricultural products, including seeds, pesticides and tools, to educate farmers on the need to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Mandaviya also warned traders and fertilizer companies against channeling heavily subsidized urea into the industry. “We have adopted a zero-tolerance policy to divert agricultural urea into industry. A detailed action plan has been drawn up to combat abuses,” the minister said in a notice published by the Ministry of Fertilizers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *