The need for progressive sustainable development in rural India to improve agriculture

Today humanity is threatened by climate change. Regardless of geography, financial or social status each person experiences its effects in different ways. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been set and promises are being made, but good intentions must be backed up with action, or  saving the planet may prove extremely difficult. Climate change has damaged India’s agricultural production through inadequate irrigation facilities, deteriorating soil conditions, crop losses and lack of livelihoods. The people and livelihoods  most affected and threatened by climate change are also the most vulnerable, these are the ones that have historically had a small carbon footprint. This includes 480 million (approx.) small landowners, especially women, and India’s landless rural population. 

 Lack of marketing opportunities 

 Moreover, because their products lack market opportunities, the effects of climate change are seen most clearly in these weakest sections of our society. Therefore, progressive sustainability and well-being of this vulnerable region is urgently needed to improve the country’s climate conditions. The improvement of agriculture improves the climatic conditions of the country at the same time.  Efforts must be made to shape and diversify farmer’s crops and  strengthen the Agricultural Production Cluster (APC) approach in rural India. This approach can help farmers  identify locally suitable crops of high commercial value, often referred to as “winning crops”. through coordinated production processes, they can achieve economies of scale for small landowners and wealthy agricultural households. 

  On the other hand, agricultural reform played a transformative role in achieving the perfect balance between  economic and ecological results. In recent years, there has been a strategic shift  to help farmers transition from synthetic input-based agriculture to regenerative agriculture practices. Regenerative agriculture is  widely used to ensure agriculture that is resilient to climate change, the restoration of natural resources for  future generations, healthy food for all, and the economic prosperity of agricultural communities. Soil rejuvenation helps improve soil microbial populations and increase soil organic matter through bio-inputs, crop cover and plant diversity.  The bright side of the story is that many NGOs, NGOs and corporate houses are now coming together to strengthen the agricultural conditions of the country. Some of the government projects started to have an effect in several regions of the country. For example, Natural Resource Management (NRM) work gained momentum in Madhya Pradesh with the Cluster Facilitation Team (CFT) project and the Madhya Pradesh State Rural Livelihood Mission (MPSRLM). 

 Resource centers must be created 

 Although steps are now being taken to improve  agricultural production and soil quality, much remains to be done. There is still a great need to create a local service system which can be done by establishing BRCs, promoting FPOs and indigenous seed banks to create a universal ecosystem with easy  access and adaptation. Natural resources, which are the basic condition for environmental sustainability and local economic development, especially farm-based livelihoods, must also be renewed. More and more farmer producer organization (FPO) resource centers need to be established to reduce the unmet service needs of smallholders. Over the past two years, these centers have helped develop rapid strategies for peasant mobilization. Goat and  poultry farming, which is an important source of livelihood especially for poorer regions, should be significantly expanded  with annual growth. 

  Projects realized in collaboration with public-private partnerships can only have a large-scale impact. Government organizations, the private sector, businesses and NGOs must work hand in hand to strengthen the ecosystem in general. It will help build compelling evidence, improve progress and implement multiple partnership programs to reach a significant proportion of the rural poor and improve climate and agricultural conditions in rural India. As the roots of India improve, the general climatic conditions of the country also improve.

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