TNAU’s Tet gift is a non-basmati replacement for Pusa 1121

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) announced 20 new crop varieties – 10 each for agricultural and horticultural crops, including cotton, vegetables, greens and millets – over the weekend. New releases include high-yielding biryani rice and one-of-a-kind sweet sorghum. The range includes two types of rice, four types of millet, as well as a type of pulse (green gram VBN 7), oilseed (groundnut CO 8), fiber crop (cotton VPT 2) and green manure (Daincha TRY 1) . The rice varieties are two-line hybrid rice (CO RH5) and long, smooth non-basmati fragrant rice (CO 58). New varieties of millet include the sweet sorghum variety CO(SS)34.

Indeed, it is customary at TNAU to introduce new plant varieties every year. Despite the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic, the university continues this tradition by introducing new plant varieties and new tools.

More productive than Pusa

Among horticultural crops, notable are the vitamin A-rich banana variety (Kaveri Kanchan) and the high-yielding grape variety GRS (MH) 1. Five recently launched vegetable varieties include a variety of striped eggplant (CO 3) and a perennial moringa variety (PKM 3), as well as two varieties of spices and crops (red tamarind PKM 2 and coconut VPM 6).

TNAU Vice-Chancellor V Geethalakshmi said in a press release, “GI labeled Pusa Basmati is the most popular variety for cooking biryani. The C0 58 plant, a non-basmati variety, is an alternative to Pusa Basmati and can be used to make biryani rice. Long, smooth and fragrant rice has a higher yield than Pusa Basmati. Its seasons are late samba and Thaladi. With a harvest yield per hectare 17% higher than Pusa 1121, the estimated CO 58 yield is 5,858 kg and can be harvested in 120 to 125 days. Sweet Sorghum CO (SS) 33 is the first sweet variety from Tamil Nadu that is compatible with the 20% ethanol blending policy, This crop variety can produce 1,127 liters of ethanol/ha.

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