To advance India’s aspirations to become a global food bowl

When India gained Independence 75 years ago, agriculture dominated the economy and accounted for more than 50 percent of its GDP. Our country continues to be one of the greatest and most diverse food producers in the world, with agriculture continuing to flourish as a key sector. The enduring value of agriculture in the subcontinent can be traced back to the Vedic era. Our ancestors held the earth, sun, and water as sources of life, nourishment, and livelihood. Their practices were in tune with nature, as humans attempted to match nature’s contribution in some measure through sustainable practices.  Historically,  the highlights of Indian agriculture have been independence and flexibility. The industry provides a livelihood for more than 60 percent of the workforce. Agriculture plays an important role in India’s economy and society, with an average annual growth rate of 4.6 percent over the past six years. The situational assessment survey by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) estimated the monthly income of agricultural households at ₹ 6,426 in 2012-13, an increase of ₹ 10,218, according to the 2018-19 survey.  

Many ways to promote atmanirbharta 

 India is one of the world’s largest exporters of agricultural products. The total value of agricultural exports increased to $19.7 billion in April-December 2022 as a result of increased exports of rice, fruits, vegetables, livestock, and dairy products. India is currently the world’s largest exporter of rice, accounting for nearly 40 percent of total exports of the grain,  estimated at 54 million tons in the 2022-23 crop year. The Government of India has decided to reduce the import of agricultural products under the Atmanirbhar Bharat program. With better farming techniques and high-yielding seeds, this can be achieved more quickly. Considering the goal of the government to increase the income of farmers, a push was given to increase agricultural exports. The 

The Government of India has recognized 220 laboratories that evaluate products for export. It also prepared a product matrix for 50 agricultural products with strong export potential.  Oil crops, which are in high demand both domestically and internationally, are seen as a means of increasing exports. Edible oils are made from oleaginous plants, including mustard, peanut, and sunflower. Production and productivity of oil crops will increase if new seed technologies are used for their cultivation. Farmers can get a reliable source of income by growing oilseeds, especially mustard, as the demand for edible oils is expected to increase in the coming years. If these farmers are converted to high-yielding hybrid technology, the production and yield of mustard in the country will increase significantly.

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