Unlocking the Golden Potential: Maximizing Groundnut Yields for Abundant Harvests

Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) is a vital oilseed crop, boasting an impressive oil content of 44-56% and protein content of 22-30%. With its extensive cultivation covering approximately 45% of the agricultural area and accounting for 55% of total oilseed production, groundnut plays a prominent role in India’s agriculture. It can be cultivated in all three seasons: kharif, rabi, and summer, with kharif alone contributing a significant 75% to the overall production.

Groundnut, a semi-determinate crop, exhibits a unique characteristic of vegetative growth even after entering the reproductive stage. This prolonged vegetative growth often leads to a sink-source imbalance, ultimately impacting the crop’s productivity. Particularly during the kharif season, excessive vegetative growth can result in mutual shading, hampering groundnut production.

To address this challenge, some farmers are been using growth retardant such as Paclobutrazol (sold as Cultar and Taboli). These growth regulators aid in controlling the excessive vegetative growth, optimizing the balance between sink and source, and consequently enhancing groundnut production as well as productivity

Entering into, two remarkable growth regulators that is Cultar and Taboli belonging to the triazole family, with Paclobutrazol as their active ingredient.

These growth regulators work their magic by inhibiting the production of gibberellin, a plant hormone responsible for stimulating excessive internodal growth. By curtailing this growth, Cultar and Taboli help the groundnut plants develop shorter, sturdier stems. And also triggers to increase in root growth, stimulate flowering, and enhance the process of pegging, where the plant forms pods in the soil.

By employing good cultural practices alongside the use of Cultar or Taboli, we can unlock the full potential of their groundnut crops. The dosage is typically 0.3 to 0.5 millilitres per litre of water, which can be sprayed onto the plants. This strategic approach not only promotes a healthier plant structure but also boosts overall yield, ensuring a bountiful harvest.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *